The following provides examples and explanations of the most common forms of assessment methods. Other methods can be used by centres to enable learners to demonstrate that they meet the standards as detailed within the units.
Mandatory Assessment Methods
Some units may require mandatory forms of assessment to be completed. Alpha will make note in each unit whether mandatory assessment methods apply. If it states that there are no mandatory assessment methods, a suggestion of the types of assessments that could be used will be made.
Expert Witness/Witness Testimony
These are provided by external people as the Delivery/Assessment staff cannot possibly be present at all times when a Employee/s completes a task that could be used as evidence. The testimony will be expected to detail who and what the activity entailed and where the activity took place.
This is a recorded report of an observed activity to show who and what the activity entailed and where the activity took place. It is normally recorded by the Delivery/Assessment staff and should be planned for. On occasions the opportunity may arise for a naturally occurring observation but this must not be seen as common practice.
This is a work product, for example a letter or research, that has been produced which can support the evidencing of performance. When using this form of evidence it is important to ensure that confidentiality is adhered to and no information is provided that may compromise this. It may be appropriate to reference the location of product evidence within a professional discussion so that, if the quality assurer wishes to view it, then they can request a copy.
This is a recorded report of a discussion between the learner and the Delivery/Assessment staff and should give real examples, where possible, of activity completed. It is normally recorded by the Delivery/Assessment staff and should be planned for. A Professional Discussion is not a question and answers session and should be led by the learner.
Recognition of Prior Achievement
Prior Achievement may be recognized where a learner has already achieved an appropriate QCF unit towards a qualification. In this instance the QCF unit can be transferred over so the learner does not have to repeat the particular unit again. In this instance a copy of the unit certificate should be provided within the portfolio as evidence of prior achievement.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
RPL can form part of the assessment process where the learner is able to demonstrate that they meet the assessment requirements for a unit through knowledge, understanding or skills that they already possess. The learner must provide evidence to show that the assessment criteria have been met. The Assessor will make a professional judgment about the evidence presented, which could be in a variety of forms, including, a statement or professional discussion to explain what prior activity has taken place and how this links to the standards to be achieved. The assessment process for Recognition of Prior Learning should be rigorous, reliable and fair.
In exceptional circumstances evidence from simulation can be used to complement the primary evidence drawn from business enterprise activities.
Authentication of Learner Evidence
Centres must have knowledge or certainty that all assessments undertaken are entirely the work of the learner being assessed.
Feedback will be provided to the learner for each assessment carried out and recorded on the assessment documentation and should feed into both assessment planning and the completion of progress reviews. The feedback should provide the learner with information relating to:
- Whether the planned assessment has been completed
- The quality of the assessment completed
- What has been covered within the standards
- What is required to be completed to move the qualification forward